H.R. 2655, the Lawsuit Abuse Reduction Act of 2013 amends Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure to strengthen sanctions against parties and lawyers who file unmerited lawsuits. Specifically, the bill:
- Reinstates sanctions for the violation of Rule 11;
- Requires judges to impose monetary sanctions against lawyers who file frivolous lawsuits, including the attorney's fees and costs incurred by the victim of the frivolous lawsuit; and
- Prevents parties and their attorneys from withdrawing frivolous claims after a motion for sanctions has been served.
The bill was recently passed by the House Judiciary Committee and is now pending before the full House. A companion bill, S. 1288, is under consideration by the Senate Judiciary Committee.